Testimony In Support of California’s Assembly Joint Resolution Resolution 5 For Wild Horses (AJR-5)

A moratorium on federal wild horse and burro roundups in the state of California.


TO: The Honorable Eduardo Garcia, Chair
The Honorable Megan Dahle, Vice Chair
Committee on Water, Parks and Wildlife
Legislative Office Building
1020 N Street, Room 160
Sacramento, CA 95814

FROM:  William E. Simpson II – Naturalist
Wild Horse Ranch – Soda Mountain Wilderness
Siskiyou County, CA

CC: Assembly Member Luz Rivas
AJR-5 Committee Members

RE: AJR 5:  Support Based Upon Peer-Reviewed Published Science and Empirical Experience. 

Dear Chair Garcia, Vice-Chair Dahle, and Members of the Committee:

I strongly urge support of AJR-5, introduced by Assemblywoman Rivas, to implement a moratorium on federal wild horse and burro roundups in the state of California.

This proposed moratorium should be affected immediately and continue in full effect at least or until the research on the value they provide as; keystone herbivores in our failing ecosystems, and to taxpayers as wildfire fuel reducers can be completed.

I am presently engaged in that research.

My name is William E. Simpson II. I spent my formative years on my family’s working ranch in southern Oregon as a rancher managing lands with forest and with horses and cattle, as a member of the Future Farmers of America.

After a long career with numerous professional vocations, I am now retired and living on my ranch in the Soda Mountain wilderness area (OR-CA border) among the free-roaming wild horses that I have studied for the past 7-years.

The combination of my training in science, background in business, logging, livestock production, and forest/land management (including firefighting), and wild horses have informed my perspective in a unique and synergistic manner.

The first 5-years of my ongoing and continuous Study (Impact Of Wild Horses On Wilderness Landscape And Wildfire’) of wild horses has been condensed and published at GrazeLIFE (a division of Re-Wilding Europe).

My study is unique in that my wilderness Study site is virtually devoid of livestock (too remote and too many apex predators); there are only cervids and equids.

My experience is both academic in regard to my background in science (attended Oregon State University as a Pre-Med Science major), and empirical, in regard to the behavioral ecology of wild horses and their management.

Some of my bona-fides (letters from legislators and public officials).

As you know, the recent and ongoing roundups by the BLM and USFS are devastating to the wild horses, as well as to the ecosystems where they are found.

During roundups, wild horses (and burros) are driven beyond their physical abilities, in many cases, some are dying from stress during or after the roundups. Foals literally run their hooves off, and some can’t keep up and are lost, left behind for predators. Pregnant mares abort their unborn, some die from shock out on the range, some of these atrocities are concealed from the public.

Some atrocities are not, such as this BLM contractor helicopter ramming a fleeing burro, and a BLM contractor beating and punching a helpless little burro (he was never prosecuted); VIDEO EVIDENCE.

Ecosystems (flora and fauna) are devastated in wild horse roundups:

Roundups that use helicopters and other vehicles, forcing wild horses to flee for their lives randomly (abnormal behavioral response to motorized roundups) across the landscape, and in the process of their desperately fleeing, they inadvertently trample threatened and endangered species of flora and fauna.

Caused by the BLM & USFS roundups; the trampling damage affects the nests, crushing eggs of ground birds (sage grouse) and the birds themselves, as well as numerous small mammals and reptiles (lizards, turtles, snakes, etc.), which are all crushed by the thundering hooves of escaping wild horses and other wildlife, all of which are running for their lives as helicopters disrupt the normal tranquility of the ecosystems subjected to what could be called a monetary-biased War on Nature.

These wide-scale roundups are coupled with the systematic implementation of a combination of diabolical methods that are arguably designed to lead to genetic erosion and loss of genetic diversity, leading to the ultimate extinction of free-roaming native species American wild horses…

The draconian methods currently being used by the BLM, USFS, and their cronies, include these;

1) Reducing breeding populations so low (less than 200 breeding adults in a herd) as to induce inbreeding and loss of genetic vigor; and,

2) Castration of stallions, which results in the loss of genetic diversity (we don’t even know which alleles are responsible for the resistance that wild horses have to Chronic Wasting Disease), and this also interferes with evolved evolutionary competition for breeding rights (survival of the fittest); and,

3) Chemical interventions (PZP & GonaCon) which interrupt critical social structures in family bands (matriarch mares lose status and their intuitive knowledge for survival is lost to family bands; some mares become infertile, etc.  Darting wild horses with chemical contraceptives, as some of the wild horse organizations lobbying legislators want to do, is not ecologically correct and it disintermediates evolutionary processes. 

4) Wild horses are being shot to death by people now embolden by what seems to be an ‘open season’ on wild horses by the BLM and USFS, resulting from what the public sees as a total disregard for the value of these sentient beings by these government agencies.

5) The BLM even has the audacity to propose using an outdated procedure known as “ovariectomy via colpotomy,” where a metal rod-like tool is blindly inserted through a vaginal incision in order to sever and remove the ovaries of wild mares while they remain conscious!

The government agencies (DOI, BLM, USDA, USFS) which are arguably influenced by money and politics around public land livestock grazing, are devastating the remaining populations of the relatively few (based on genetic diversity) remaining American wild horses. 

The BLM is still engaged in an ongoing campaign of ‘willful ignorance’ and ‘campaign of misinformation via their ongoing propagation of manifestly false statements, including but not limited to:

“Wild horses have no natural predators…”  IS  a false statement promoted by the BLM (and now widely repeated).

This false and misleading statement appears on Page 1, Executive Summary, paragraph 5 in the so-called management plan presented to Congress; ‘Report To Congress – Management Options For A Sustainable Wild Horse And Burro Program’.

Only a corrupted agency would manage a wildlife resource with a fabrication as the core premise for radical arbitrary population reductions.

It’s a well-known scientific and common-knowledge fact that:  All north American apex predators (mountain lions, bears, wolves, and coyotes) are the evolved natural predators of wild horses and burros.

We need to restore ecological balance and the trophic cascades in areas where that is still possible in the remaining remote wilderness areas, where the American wild horse is a critical keystone-species large-herbivore, as is the case in many ecosystems.

The BLM paying ranchers more than $100-million annually to house wild horses off-range is a serious waste of our tax dollars (it’s obscene; one ranching family alone, the Drummond family, has already been paid $24-million by the BLM!). 

This waste of tax dollars is totally unnecessary when there exists a readily available, virtually cost-free path for solving the entirety of the wild horse dilemma, while concurrently reducing wildfire fuels; a concept supported by peer-reviewed, published science.

Treating wild horses (deemed as ‘native species’ & ‘wildlife’ by the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals) with any chemicals is wrong on so many levels it’s just obtuse, and there are numerous experts who agree with this position.

A herd of several family bands of wild horses – grazing on an alpine meadow –
Photo courtesy of William E. Simpson II

The Natural Path To Successful Wild Horse Management

Relocating wild horses from holding (thus initiating immediate reductions in expenditures for offsite holding), and also, relocating wild horses from areas where they are in conflict with livestock interests (subject to potential BLM-USFS interventions) via humane relocation methods [unmolested family bands are baited-in and relocated together as family bands], into select wilderness areas with abundant water and forage, that are nevertheless manifestly unsuited for livestock wildfire grazing (for many sound reasons; I.E. loss of profits due to; predators, management logistics in rugged remote terrain, etc.) is both economically and ecologically appropriate.

A new article was out (Friday, Jan 5th) in Colorado at the Pagosa Daily Post, detailing how American taxpayers and Counties in Colorado can save (literally) hundreds of $-millions annually by implementing new public lands management using Wild Horses.

This older article details why, exactly, wild horses are appropriate ecologically on the American wilderness landscape.

And finally, this article that appeared in the Mail Tribune and the Pagosa Daily Post, outlines the common-sense solution that all stakeholders should consider in contrast to the ongoing dire situation.

I can only hope that there are enough enlightened people in the mix to implement a final solution that is fair and just to these magnificent, highly evolved, sentient beings…..

So far, in our short stead on the planet, we’ve done a fine job of wrecking almost everything we mess with… especially things in the Natural world. Maybe we proceed with that thought to guide us as we evaluate our next plan to save wild horses.

Respectfully Yours,

William E. Simpson II

Hi Bill,

Your Testimony in Support of AJR-5 that you submitted to the Assembly Members yesterday is exceptional – concise, powerful and right on the money.  

Please advise as to whether your email regarding the same is intended to also serve as a public release and if so, where it’s located on the WWW.  

Thank you for all that you do.

Yours for the horses and burros,

Katia Louise
Wild For Life Foundation
Saving America’s Horses

William E. Simpson II is a naturalist/rancher living among and studying native species American wild horses. He is the author of two published books and more than 100 published articles on subjects related to wild horses, wildlife, wildfire, and public land (forest) management. He has appeared on NBC NEWS, ABC NEWS, theDoveTV and has been a guest on numerous talk radio shows including the Lars Larson Show, the Bill Meyer Show, and on NPR Jefferson Public Radio.

The opinions expressed above are not necessarily those of the Sierra Nevada Ally. Our newsroom remains entirely independent of our opinion page. Published opinions further public conversation to fulfill our civic responsibility to challenge authority, act independently of corporate or political influence, and invite dissent.

This site uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. By continuing to use this website, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with our privacy policy.

Scroll to Top